Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive, orthopedic surgery where a physician inserts an tiny camera called an arthroscope through a small incision. The procedure allows physicians to examine the areas around the hip joint with the aid of this small camera, which helps them pinpoint the cause for discomfort and possibly allow them to treat certain hip-related conditions.
This procedure has many advantages over open hip surgeries including postponing the onset of hip arthritis, potentially eliminating the need for hip replacement, and reducing scarring and recovery times for patients.
If you have been diagnosed with any of the following conditions below, a physician from the Hip Preservation Institute can help you decide whether a hip arthroscopy is right for you.
Conditions that may be addressed with hip arthroscopy:
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or labral tears is a hip condition that, if left untreated, can cause damage to joints, limit pelvic movement, and ultimately cause patients pain. The pain stems from the femoral head not perfectly aligning with the acetabulum socket, which when rubbed together over a long period of time ends up ‘tearing’ the protective layer of labrum (cartilage that lines the socket).
Ischiofemoral impingement is a condition associated with pain in the hips, buttocks or groin. Pain usually stems from the growth of a bone along the ischium or lessor trochanter, or both, that narrow the naturally occurring space between both of the bones. The bone spurs can then cause the hip region to no longer fit as they should, causing pain to patients when their hips are in motion.
Subspine impingement is another type of hip condition where patients feel pain when performing exercises involving their hip flexion, a group of muscles that work in tandem to allow a variety of movements such as sitting, squatting and walking. The condition stems from the thigh bone incorrectly coming into contact with the anterior inferior iliac spine (located on the outer edges of the hip bone).
Snapping hip syndrome is a hip disorder that may or may not cause patients pain. Patients with this condition may hear an audible ‘snap’ or feel a ‘popping’ sensation when they are using their hip joint to walk, run, lift themselves from a sitting position or move their leg in a circular motion. Internal snapping hip syndrome is one of three different types of snapping hip syndrome, all of which have different causes.
External snapping hip syndrome is one of three different types of snapping hip syndrome that can also create audible sounds or sensations of ‘popping’ for patients. The cause for the condition comes from tendons or muscles gliding over the top of the thigh bone. Some patients describe the feeling as if their hip is being dislocated from simple tasks such as running.
Loose bodies are fragments of bone or cartilage that reside within joints, where two bones connect. Loose bodies can be caused by trauma, swelling, or other circumstances and cause pain or swelling around a patient’s joint. The condition is commonly found among athletes who have sustained injuries.
Trochanteric bursitis is a condition where the trochanteric bursa, a sac that serves as a cushion between the outside point of the hip and the top of the thigh bone, becomes inflamed. Although the sac that cushions thehips are some of the most resilient in the human body, the sac becomes inflamed from excessivewalking, running or cycling. Patients say the condition is accompanied by lateral hip pain thatcould be felt along the thigh and that they are more likelytofeel pain when lying down on the side affected by the condition.